John D Bengtson






2010. Linguistic Fossils: Studies in Historical Linguistics and Paleolinguistics. (Languages in Time and Space, vol. 5. Chief Editor: Cindy Drover-Davidson.) Calgary: Octavia & Co. Press.


On Fossil Dinosaurs and Fossil Words
Global Etymologies Involving Six Macro-families
The “Greater Austric” Hypothesis
The Problem of “Isolates” I: Basque
A Genetic Comparison of Basque and Caucasian Vocabulary
The Problem of “Isolates” II: Burushaski
Basque and Caucasian Words for ‘Blue ~ Iron’
Genetic and Cultural Links between Burushaski, Caucasian, and Basque
Basque Phonology in the Light of the Dene-Caucasian Hypothesis
On the Position of Haida
Lateral Affricates in Na-Dene


2008 (Ed.). In Hot Pursuit of Language in Prehistory: Essays in the four fields of anthropology in honor of Harold Crane Fleming. Amsterdam / Philadelphia: John Benjamins Publishing Co.



2013 | 2012 | 2011 | 2010 | 2009 | 2008 | 2007 | 2006 | 2005 | 2003 | 2002 | 2001 | 2000 | 1999 | 1998 | 1997 | 1996 | 1995 | 1994

2013 0 2 3 a c b E I J l n S v
  • Comments on "Evidence for Basque as an Indo-European Language" by Gianfranco Forni. Journal of Indo-European Studies 41.1/2 (in press).

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2012 E 0 l I J 2 S v 3 b ae c n
  • (with Václav Blažek) Comments on Ilija Čašule's "Correlation of the Burushaski Pronominal System with Indo-European and Phonological and Grammatical Evidence for a Genetic Relationship". Journal of Indo-European Studies 40.1/2: 156-161.

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2011 c ae b n J I a v S l 0 E 2
  • The Basque Language: History and Origin. International Journal of Modern Anthropology 4: 43-59.

  • Brian Houghton Hodgson: a pioneer of the Sino-Caucasian hypothesis. Mother Tongue 16: 125-136.

  • (with Václav Blažek) On the Burushaski–Indo-European hypothesis by I. Čašule. Journal of Language Relationship / Вопросы языкового родства 6: 25-63.

  • (with Pierre J. Bancel & Alain Matthey de l’Etang) Back to Proto-Sapiens (Part 2). The Global Kinship Terms Papa, Mama and Kaka. In Kinship, Language, and Prehistory: Per Hage and the Renaissance in Kinship Studies, Ed. by Doug Jones & Bojka Milicic. Salt Lake City: University of Utah Press (August 2010).

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2010 n I ae J S a 2 l E 0 b v 3
  • "Dene-Yeniseian" and the Rest of Dene-Caucasian: Part 3: The Burusho-Yeniseian (Karasuk) Hypothesis; Part 4: Burusho-Dene. In Working Papers in Athabaskan Languages (Alaska Native Language Center Working Papers No. 8), ed. by Siri Tuttle & Justin Spence, pp. 1-18. Fairbanks: Alaska Native Language Center.

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2009 E 0 l I J 2 S v 3 b ae c n
  • (with Václav Blažek) Ainu and Austric: Evidence of Genetic Relationship. Journal of Language Relationship / Вопросы языкового родства 2: 1-24.

  • Words Denoting the Heavenly Bodies in Global Perspective. In Bygone Voices Reconstructed: On language origins and their relationships in honor of Aharon Dolgopolsky. Ed. by V.V. Shevoroshkin & H.U. Sverdrup, pp. 251-268. Copenhagen: Underskoven Publishers ApS.

  • Basque and the Other Mediterranean Languages. Mother Tongue 14: 157-175.

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2008 c ae b n J I a v S l 0 E 2
  • The Languages of Northern Eurasia: Inference to the Best Explanation [In my (edited) book In Hot Pursuit of Language in Prehistory, pp. 241-262].

  • Materials for a Comparative Grammar of the Dene-Caucasian (Sino-Caucasian) Languages. In: Аспекты компаративистики. 3. Aspects of comparative linguistics. 3. (Orientalia et Classica: Papers of the Institute of Oriental and Classical Studies; Issue XIX). Ed. by G. Starostin, pp. 45-118. Moscow: RSUH Publishers.

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2007 n I ae J S a 2 l E 0 b v 3
  • Western Dene-Caucasian Cultural Vocabulary: Evidence for pastoral-agricultural culture. In Exploring ancient languages for relationships, properties and origins: In memory of Professor Sergei Starostin, «The long ranger extraordinaire». Ed. by Vitalij V. Shevoroshkin and Harald U. Sverdrup. København (Copenhagen): Underskoven Forlag.

  • Dene-Caucasian č'wildu '(abode of) spirit (of dead)'. In Exploring ancient languages for relationships, properties and origins: In memory of Professor Sergei Starostin, «The long ranger extraordinaire». Ed. by Vitalij V. Shevoroshkin and Harald U. Sverdrup. København (Copenhagen): Underskoven Forlag.

  • Linguistic Hypotheses and Their Development. Mother Tongue (Journal) 12: 237-239.

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2006 0 2 3 a c b E I J l n S v
  • A Multilateral Look at Greater Austric. Mother Tongue (Journal) 11: 219-258

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2005 2 3 a ae c b E I J l n S v
  • Some features of Dene-Caucasian phonology (with special reference to Basque). Cahiers de l’Institut de Linguistique de Louvain (CILL) 30.4: 33-54.

  • (with Václav Blažek)* Obituary of Sergei Anatolyevich Starostin (1953-2005). Journal of Indo-European Studies 33.3/4: 307-314.

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2003 E l I J a 2 S v 3 b ae c n
  • Notes on Basque Comparative Phonology. Mother Tongue 8: 21-39.

  • Linguistic Databases and Linguistic Taxonomy Workshop. Mother Tongue 8: 131-132.

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2002 c ae n J I 3 a v S l 0 E 2
  • Dene-Caucasian *X(w)owHV 'mouth ~ tooth'. In Languages and their Speakers in Ancient Eurasia, ed. by V. Shevoroshkin & P. Sidwell, pp. 51-53. Canberra: Association for the History of Language.

  • The Dene-Caucasian noun prefix *s-. In The Linguist's Linguist: A Collection of Papers in Honour of Alexis Manaster Ramer, ed. by F. Cavoto, pp. 53-57. Munich: LINCOM Europa.

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2001 n I ae S a 2 c l E 0 b v 3
  • Roger Williams Wescott 1925-2000. Mother Tongue 6: 3.

  • Review of J.H. Greenberg, Indo-European and Its Closest Relatives. Mother Tongue 6:131-135.

  • Review of B. Heine & D. Nurse (Ed.), African Languages: An Introduction. Mother Tongue 6: 137-143.

  • Review of V. Blažek, Numerals: Comparative-Etymological Analyses of Numeral Systems and Their Implications. Mother Tongue 6: 182-183.

  • Review of H. Berger, Die Burushaski-Sprache von Hunza und Nager. Mother Tongue 6: 184-187.

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2000 0 2 3 a c b E I J l n S v
  • Review of I. Čašule, Basic Burushaski Etymologies: The Indo-European and Paleo- Balkanic Affinities of Burushaski. In History of Language 6 (1): 22-26.

  • (with Václav Blažek) Lexical parallels between Ainu and Austric and their implications. Archiv Orientalni, Quarterly Journal of Asian and Africa Studies 68: 237-258.

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1999 E 0 l I J 2 S v 3 b ae c n
  • A comparison of Basque and (North) Caucasian basic vocabulary, Mother Tongue 5 (December): 41-57; Response to discussants: 99-107.

  • Response to Igor M. Diakonoff, More on Possible Linguistic Connections of the Sumerians. In Mother Tongue 5 (December): 145-146.

  • Editorial: In Honor of Jürgen Pinnow: Comparanda Dene-Caucasica, Mother Tongue 5 (December): 173-182.

  • ‘Eye, ear, tongue’ in Basque and East Caucasian. In Neile A. Kirk and Paul J. Sidwell, eds., From Neanderthal to Easter Island (Festschrift for W. Wilfried Schuhmacher), The Association for the History of Language, Studies in the Science and History of Language 2: 3-10.

  • Review of R.L. Trask, The History of Basque. In Romance Philology 52 (Spring): 219- 224.

  • Wider genetic affiliations of the Chinese language, Journal of Chinese Linguistics 27 (1): 1-12.

  • Review of J.I. Hualde, et al., (eds.), Toward a History of the Basque Language. In Word 50 (3/December): 395-401.

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1998 c ae b n J I a v S l 0 E 2
  • Dene-Caucasian ‘navel’: Some proposed etymologies, Dhumbadji! 4 (1): 86-90.

  • Caucasian and Sino-Tibetan: A hypothesis of S.A. Starostin, General Linguistics 36 (1/2): 33-49.

  • Review of A Comparative Vocabulary of Five Sino-Tibetan Languages by Ilia Peiros and Sergei Starostin. In Journal of Chinese Linguistics 26 (1), 165-172.

  • Some Yeniseian isoglosses, Mother Tongue 4 (December): 27-32.

  • Review of James Patrie, The Genetic Relationship of Ainu Language. In MotherTongue 4 (December): 111-113.

  • Epilog: Why do the Ainu look “Caucasoid”? Mother Tongue 4 (December): 114-115.

  • Consonantal Ablaut (Apophony) in Proto-Human, Mother Tongue 4 (December): 138- 140.

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1997 n I ae J S a 2 l E 0 b v 3
  • (with Merritt Ruhlen) Annexe: Vingt-sept racines mondiales. In Merritt Ruhlen, L’origine des langues (Paris: Éditions Belin): 233-271.

  • (with Merritt Ruhlen) In Defense of Multilateral Comparison. California Linguistic Notes 25.1: pp. 3-4, 57.

  • Ein vergleich von buruschaski und nordkaukasisch, Georgica 20: 88-94.

  • Basque and the other Dene-Caucasic languages. In Alan K. Melby, ed., The Twenty- Third LACUS Forum (Chapel Hill, NC: LACUS): 63-74.

  • The riddle of Sumerian: A Dene-Caucasic language? Mother Tongue 3: 63-74.

  • Some comments on Ilia Peiros’ “Nihali and Austroasiatic”. Mother Tongue 3: 47-50.

  • Long ranger extraordinaire: Sergei A. Starostin, Mother Tongue 3: 99-107.

  • Some recent publications of interest to long rangers, Mother Tongue 3: 103-107.

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1996 0 2 3 a ae c b E J l n S v
  • Correspondences of Basque and Caucasic final vowels -i/-e/-u/-o, Fontes Linguae Vasconum 71: 7-15.

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1995 E 0 l I J a 2 S v b ae c n
  • Is Basque isolated? Dhumbadji! 2 (2): 33-44.

  • Basque: an orphan forever? A response to Trask, Mother Tongue 1:84-103.

  • (with Václav Blažek) Lexica Dene-Caucasica, Central Asiatic Journal 39 (1): 11-50; 39 (2): 161-164.

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1994 n I ae J S a 2 c l E b v 3
  • (with Merritt Ruhlen) Global etymologies. In Merritt Ruhlen, On the Origin of Languages: Studies in Linguistic Taxonomy (Stanford, California, Stanford University Press): 277-336.

  • (with Merritt Ruhlen) Another look at *TIK “finger, one”. In California Linguistic Notes 24/2 (Spring): 9-11.

  • Edward Sapir and the “Sino-Dene” hypothesis, Anthropological Science 102 (3): 207- 230.

  • On the genetic classification of Basque, MotherTongue Newsletter 22:31-36.

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